the time of print the Commission was not in a position to disclose information
on the legal approval of proposals made under the 5th Framework
Programme. However, a list of those proposals that are currently undergoing the
negotiation procedure can be given, with details outlined below. All projects
are due to commence in January 2000, assuming successful negotiations.
- Technical Efficiency in EU Fisheries: Implications
for monitoring and management through effort control (Project length: 3 years).
UK (Coord. Sean Pascoe)
control measurements in the EU are currently based largely on the reduction of
capacity, measured in terms of days fished, engine power and gross tonnage.
However, effort depends on factors other than the physical characteristics of
the vessel and the number of days fished. These factors manifest themselves as
differences in the level of technical efficiency of the vessels.
the extent to which technical efficiency varies in different fishing fleets has
implications for the targeting and effectiveness of effort control programmes.
Differences in apparent technical efficiency may be due, however, to
misreporting of landings.
measures of technical efficiency will be derived and applied to a range of
different fishing fleets. The possible effects of misreporting on these measures
will be estimated and implications for monitoring and effort control measures
- Multiple Objectives in the Management of EU Fisheries (Project
length: 3 years).
UK (Coord. Simon Mardle)
CFP embodies multiple objectives (biological, economic and social) in its aims
for the management of fisheries in EU waters. However, there has been
significant criticism of the CFP concerning its effectiveness to these aims. The
main reason for this is that important sectors of the industry feel that their
best interests are not taken into account when management policy is being
project analyses the objective structure throughout EU fisheries, from the
perspectives of all key players: managers, politicians, fishers, researchers and
other interest groups. Objective preferences and opinions from these groups are
to be elicited.
models will be developed and analysed to consider existing and future management
goals for several case studies; English Channel, North Sea and Spanish fisheries.
The project is multi-disciplinary drawing on expertise from economics,
mathematics, computer science and fisheries.
- Value of Exclusion Zones as a Fisheries Management Tool in Europe:
A Strategic Evaluation and Development of an Analytical Framework (Project
length: 2 years).
UK (Coord. Helen Pickering)
of Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton,
institutions will be involved as sub-contractors once work packages 1 and 2 have
been completed and the case studies have been selected.
zones have a long history in Europe. However, the analysis of their potential
and value for fisheries management is lacking, as is management advice. This
project aims to (a) evaluate the ecological and socio-economic value of
exclusion zones as tools of fisheries management and (b) develop robust
multi-disciplinary analytical framework(s) and model(s) for use in the
evaluation and development of exclusion zones. This will include, inter
alia, marine protected areas, marine reserves, marine parks, gear exclusion
zones and fishing boxes.
modelling framework will be multi-disciplinary (bio-ecological, socio-economic
and institutional), with a space-structured, multi-species, multi-fleet,
inter-temporal bio-economic model at its core. It will use existing case studies
and data sets wherever possible.
building on previous work on the empirical evaluation of expected returns from
research and testing the sensitivity of value and the model(s) developed to data
uncertainty, future research needs to optimise the returns to fisheries
management will also be targeted.
SALMAR - Margins Along the European Seafood Value Chain: Impact of the salmon industry on market structures (Project length: 3 years).
France (Coord. Patrice Guillotreau)
basic issue of the project is to look at economic interactions along the value
chain for two groups of fish species, one being mainly based on aquacultured
species ("salmonids", i.e. salmon and trout) and the other on
wild-caught species ("whitefish", i.e. gadoid species).
imports and aquaculture are often considered by their harming effects on the
European fishing industry, it is expected that the development of fish farming
and increased imports may have been job-creating and value-adding at the overall
economic level of the seafood value chain (processing, trade companies,
wholesaling, retailing etc.), resulting in implications for the implementation
of the Common Fisheries Policy.
hypothesis will be discussed through various quantitative (time series analysis,
industrial organisation models) and qualitative (survey) methods. In particular,
the dynamics of margin behaviours experienced by the stakeholders along the
European value chain will be analysed
- Fishery regulation and the economic responses of fishermen:
Perceptions and Compliance (Project length: 3 years).
UK (Coord. Aaron Hatcher)
of Vigo, Spain
of Girona, Spain
project will develop and employ a methodology to investigate fishermen's
responses, both psychic and behavioural, to fishery regulations. The responses
of fishermen will be investigated in six fisheries in both the Atlantic and
Mediterranean. Using econometric analysis, empirical models will be estimated to
derive predictive relationships between types of regulation and their mode of
implementation and the responses of fishermen, including most importantly their
compliance behaviour. The aim is to inform the development of fisheries
management instruments and governance structures in order to improve compliance
levels and the effectiveness of management.
central objective is to develop a better understanding of the way in which
fishermen respond to regulations. This includes their knowledge of regulations,
their perceptions of the economic implications of regulations, normative and
other psychic responses to regulations (such as judgements about the rightness
of compliance and the perceived legitimacy of the regulations), their
perceptions of the attitudes of fellow fishermen to the regulations, and how
these factors affect their behaviour, in particular their compliance with the
regulations. The key specific objectives are to develop a methodology and to
derive and compare empirical models from a number of fisheries. The results will
inform policy-makers and regulatory authorities of the significance of the way
in which regulations are designed and implemented in determining levels of
compliance and hence the cost effectiveness of enforcement and the efficiency of
Levieil of DG FISH would
like to draw attention to the Commission's February 10 deadline for Accompanying
Measures (e.g. methodology analyses that assist research, workshops, conferences
etc,). Further details can be found on www.cordis.lu/life/home.html,
which was updated at the end of October, following the last round of proposal